Tensile testing of transparent polymers
New Material Characterization Techniques Using Polarization and Infrared Cameras.
Measuring stress distribution and temperature irregularities in resin materials, glass, or high-performance films is one answer to this question. Those elements are among the most important factors to understand in order to control production processes of materials and products made of those materials.
When submitted to tensile testing, stress, temperature, and their non-uniformity are closely related to the non-uniformity of the mechanical properties of the material. For example, if the film thickness is uneven, temperature bias will appear on the film surface due to the difference in heat capacity caused by the difference in volume. Even if the thickness is uniform, if there is a spatial difference in the orientation state of polymers, we would be able to measure the change in orientation from the stress bias during deformation.
Therefore, if stress distribution and temperature irregularities can be measured, it will be possible to understand material properties in more detail. It is also possible to examine the validity of CAE and numerical analysis results from a previously unseen perspective.
Against this background, the University of Tokyo has started an experiment to observe the deformation state of materials during tensile testing using simultaneously a polarization camera and an infrared camera, both from our products.
The movie above shows the results of a tensile test of a transparent resin material, simultaneously captured by a polarized high-speed camera (left) and a high-sensitivity infrared camera (right) to measure new material properties.
Polarization high-speed camera CRYSTA
High-speed imaging of stress distribution, molecular orientation, and residual stress occurring inside transparent material.
High-speed, high-sensitivity infrared camera
High sensitivity imaging of temperature distribution on the material surface. Visualization of strain (energy) is also possible.
The polarized light observation result on the left side shows the internal stress in a transparent resin sample, using pseudo-colors. The stress throughout the material becomes stronger (red) as the load increases, and when necking occurs, the stress distribution becomes non-uniform.
The infrared observation on the right side shows the surface temperature. It can be seen that the temperature rises sharply at the moment necking occurs, and the area with large surface strain emerges due to the temperature rise, and its position gradually moves upward.
As in this experimental setup using a combination of different measurement devices, we can offer a new approach to elucidate material properties that could not be predicted by conventional methods
CRYSTA was researched and developed as the first polarization-sensitive high-speed camera and took more than five years to complete. It enables measurement and visualization of physical quantities and properties in various fields such as biotechnology, military, and aerospace.
X6981 SLS / X6901sc SLS
The FLIR X6981 SLS / X6901sc SLS is an extraordinarily fast, highly sensitive LWIR camera designed for scientists, researchers, and engineers. The strained layer superlattice (SLS) detector offers shorter snapshot speeds, wider temperature bands, and better uniformity than current LWIR or MWIR alternatives.
The FLIR A6751 MWIR camera offers short exposure times and high-speed windowed frame rates, making it an ideal choice for recording rapid thermal events and fast-moving targets. Freeze motion or achieve accurate temperature measurements on moving subjects, and perform a variety of non-destructive testing with this cooled InSb camera.
X6981 / X6901 / X6901sc
The FLIR X6981 / X6901 / X6901sc is an extraordinarily fast, highly sensitive MWIR camera designed for scientists, researchers, and engineers. With advanced triggering, on-camera RAM/SSD recording, and a four-position motorized filter wheel, this camera offers the functionality to stop motion on high speed events, whether they’re in the lab or on the test range.
- #High-speed heat propagation imaging solutions
- #Birefringence & stress strain measurement solutions
- #Polarization high-speed camera
- #Infrared high-speed camera
- #High-speed infrared camera
- #Internal stress
High-speed heat propagation imaging
By analyzing high-speed heat propagation, we contribute to the quality evaluation of material durability, wear, and strain, as well as to research into the development of new materials.